Vaccination Details – Baby Care

Vaccination Details

Vaccination/ immunizations Schedule

Vaccination for children in India is carried out under the Universal Immunization Program. The Indian Academy of Pediatrics has also recommended its own schedule with newer vaccines.

Vaccination & Immunization Schedule for Indian Children

The recommended vaccination (immunization) schedule is updated every year  by the INDIAN ACADEMY OF PAEDIATRICS (IAP). Talk to your provider about specific immunizations for you or your child. Current recommendations are available at the IAP.

  • TableI-IAPImmunizationTimetable.doc
  • Makes a list of recommended vaccines.
  • Amends the necessary changes to the immunization schedule (which is applicable for all Indian children) on an annual basis.

COMMON VACCINES

  • Chickenpox – vaccine
  • DTaP immunization (vaccine)
  • Hepatitis A vaccine
  • Hepatitis B vaccine
  • Hib – vaccine
  • HPV vaccine
  • Influenza vaccine
  • Meningococcal vaccine
  • MMR – vaccine
  • Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine
  • Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine
  • Polio immunization (vaccine)
  • Rotavirus vaccine
  • Tdap vaccine
  • Tetanus – vaccine

Immunization schedule in India 2016

S.No Vaccine Prevents Minimum Age for Dose 1 Interval Between Dose 1 and Dose 2 Interval Between Dose 2 and Dose 3 Interval Between Dose 3 and Dose 4 Interval Between Dose 4 and Dose 5
1 BCG TB & bladder cancer Birth
2 HepB Hepatitis B Birth 4 weeks 8 weeks
3 Poliovirus Polio Birth 4 weeks 4 weeks
4 DTP Diphtheria, Tetanus & Pertussis 6 weeks 4 weeks 4 weeks 6 months (Booster 1) 3 years (Booster 2)
5 Hib Infections caused by Bacteria 6 weeks 4 weeks 4 weeks 6 months (Booster 1)
6 PCV Pneumonia 6 weeks 4 weeks 4 weeks 6 months (Booster 1)
7 RV Severe Diarrheal Disease 6 weeks 4 weeks 4 weeks
8 Typhoid Typhoid Fever, Diarrhea 9 months 15 months (Booster 1)
9 MMR Measles, Mumps & Rubella 9 months 6 months
10 Varicella Chickenpox 1 year 3 months
11 HepA Liver disease 1 year 6 months
12 Tdap Diphtheria, Tetanus & Pertussis 7 years
13 HPV Some Cancers & Warts 9 years For Child aged 9-14 years: 6 months. For Child aged 15 or more: 1 month For Child aged 15 or more: 5 months

DTP VACCINE:

    • Your baby should receive the 1st dose of the DTP vaccine at least 6 weeks after birth.
    • The 2nd dose should be given 4 weeks after the 1st dose.
    • The  3rd dose takes place 4 weeks after the 2nd dose.
    • Booster 1 takes place 6 months after the 3rd dose.
    • And Booster 2 is given 3 years after Booster 1.

CATCH-UP CHART

The catch-up vaccination schedule makes sure that all the vaccines are administered appropriately after taking the delayed/missed dose into account.

The catch-up schedule is as follows:

Immunization Catch-Up Chart schedule

S.No Vaccine Prevents Minimum Age for Dose 1 Interval Between Dose 1 and Dose 2 Interval Between Dose 2 and Dose 3 Interval Between Dose 3 and Dose 4 Interval Between Dose 4 and Dose 5
1 BCG TB & bladder cancer Can be given till age 5 only
2 HepB Hepatitis B If missed at birth, then as soon as possible. 1 month 5 months
3 Poliovirus Polio First month after birth 1 month 6 months
4 DTP Diphtheria, Tetanus & Pertussis Any time 1 month 5 months
5 Hib Infections caused by Bacteria Can be given till age 5 only. 4 weeks 6 months (Booster 1) 6 months 6 months (Booster 2)
6 PCV Pneumonia Dose when aged between 2-5 years old
7 RV Severe Diarrheal Disease Age should be less than 6 months 4 weeks 4 weeks
8 Typhoid Typhoid Fever, Diarrhea Can be given any time
9 MMR Measles, Mumps & Rubella For school-aged children 4 weeks
10 Varicella Chickenpox Can be given any time For ages 7-12 years: 3 months. For ages 13-18 years: 4 weeks
11 HepA Liver disease Can be give any time 6 months
12 Tdap Diphtheria, Tetanus & Pertussis For ages 7-10 years: 1st dose. For ages 11-18 years: One dose. Ages 7-10: 1 month Ages 7-10: 5 months

IAP recommended vaccines and vaccination schedule in India:

IAP (Indian Association of Pediatrics) has recommended some vaccines for routine use and are supposed to be taken by all children in the country.

Vaccines for high risk children given under special circumstances

1 Influenza Vaccine
2 Meningococcal Vaccine
3 Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine
4 Cholera Vaccine
5 Rabies Vaccine
6 Yellow Fever Vaccine
7 Pneumococcal Polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV 23)

High-risk children are children who are perceived with higher treat of being infected by a particular disease due to their physical, medical, environmental or social conditions.

 

 

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